Setting up your own home composter is one of the best things you can do for the environment. Home composters can be used to reduce kitchen waste and almost any organic material to compost which acts both as a garden fertilizer and improves the structure of the soil. There is some work involved in setting up a composter in your yard or garden. To make compost:
- You have to fill the composter.
- You have to turn the compost to make sure that there is oxygen in the pile.
- You have have to water the compost if the compost gets too dry.
- You have to empty the composter when the compost is complete.
- You have to spread your compost around when it is done.
Luckily, there are a lot of home composters that are designed to make the task of composting easier.
Types of Composters
There are lots of different types of home composters. In general they are divide into two types. the first type is essentially designed to contain you pile and improve its appearance. They for all intents and purposes fences that you put around the compost pile to exclude pests and make the compost pile neater. In some cases these types of composters also help you to organize you composting efforts into multiple piles or have covers to keep rain from washing nutrients out of you compost or over wetting the pile.
The other types of home composters are the tumblers. The Tumblers are designed to make it easier to turn and aerate your compost. They are particularly popular among urban composters and others who have limited space. Composting can also be done with leaves, you can learn more about it here.
There are a wide variety of compost tumblers on the market.They are usually made out of plastic. Many of them are rotating drums that are elevated off of the ground to make them easier to fill and to empty. They often have wheels so you can move them around your yard or patio. Some of the tumbling composters are hollow balls that you roll around your yard to turn the compost. Either kind of tumbling composter can speed up the composting process because they make to add oxygen to the pile turning it easier. the more oxygen the quicker the organism can multiply and the faster they can break down the organic matter.
What to look for when looking for a home compost bin.
When looking for a home compost bin you need to consider a number of things. some are obvious like:
You need to look at how much yard and kitchen waste you have?
You need to look at where your going to set up your compost bin?
How sturdy is the construction?
But other are not so obvious. For instance, a shorter person may find it difficult to fill some home composters with high sides. They may also find it awkward to aerate the compost. In addition, some composters may be difficult to empty because they have small openings. Another possible issue is the matter pest resistance. Since there is a possiblity that some of the content of your compost pile may attract pests, it is important to make sure your composter is pest proof.
According to the North Carolina Cooperative Extension, many home gardeners have reported damage to their vegetable and flower crops after applying purchased compost, hay or manure to their soil. Reported symptoms are death of young plants; twisted, cupped, and elongated leaves; misshapen fruit; and reduced yields.
The reason could be herbicide carryover.
There is a class of herbicides called pyridine carboxylic acids that is used to control a wide variety of broad-leaf weeds and is designed to safely pass through the digestive tract of livestock and horses. But here is the thing: these chemicals, namely picloram, clopyralid, and aminopyralid, can remain active in manure, hay or grasses for long periods of time; even after being composted. While currently deemed safe for human consumption, these materials are then used to commercially produce compost that could potentially end up in your yard and on your family’s vegetables causing damage!
Make your own compost so that you have control of your garden so that these chemicals do not get into your soil! Or if you need to purchase compost in bulk make darn sure that the supplier can guarantee that no chemicals were used on the materials that were used to make that compost.